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ushta
four

Rule Two

In many words, u is written for o, and u is written for a.  That is, u and o has the same sound but sometimes u is written to represent the short sound of o.  Listen to the sound of u.  Do you hear the short sound?  Listen to the short sound of u in these words.

nusi

sleep

ushi         

offspring

anumpa

language/word                   

shukka/shukha          

pig

shukcha          

pocket/bag                  

chula

fox

hushi          

bird

chumpa

to buy

 

In the same way, u and a have the same sound but u sometimes written to represent the short sound of a.  You can hear the short sound of a in these words.

pυla

light

υba

upward

υla

arrive

nυni

fish

pυlhki          

fast                            

hυpi           

salt

tυli

rock

υlla

child

hυshi         

sun

 

Modern Choctaw tend to use a and o where in the past υ and u were used.  Here are some examples.

Modern/Past

katos/kυtus

cat

homma/humma

red

anompa/anumpa           

word, language                   

nosi/nusi

sleep

pala/pυla

light

chompa/chumpa

to buy

kata/kυta

who

hattak/hattυk

man, person

tali/tυli          

rock               

oshi/ushi

offspring

ammi/υmmi

mine                      

hashi/hυshi

sun

hapi/hυpi

salt

sholush/shulush           

shoes

 

 

 

 
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